Maternal foetal dialogue. Cross to the mother via the placenta and affect her physiological functions

 This physiological mechanism is only just beginning to be understood In a previous article, we referred to the maternal foetal dialogue in the genomic area (See HERE). It is now known (BioEssays 37; 1106-1118,2015) that foetal cells, which can cross to the mother via the...

Genome editing CRISPR-Cas9 technique. Biomedical, ecological and ethical considerations

The real possibility of using this technique for genetic modification of the human germ line, which could have serious and unpredictable consequences in the individuals treated and their offspring; it could also definitively lead to the introduction of transhumanism in society....

World hunger. FAO report announces the largest drop recorded to date

FAO report  published on 27th May, shows a decrease of around 200 million hungry people in the world compared to the 1990 Report, which listed the global objectives now achieved (“State of Food Insecurity in the World 2015”). World hunger: more than a result a trend...

Homosexual relationships. The legal situation in Africa

Homosexual relationships are illegal in 33 out of 54 African countries, and punishable by death in four of them. Anti-gay views have risen in recent years (Newsweek, 7/10/2017). Our Bioethics Observatory, while we cannot defend homosexuality, we can support the undeniable rights...

Twin pregnancies, wich have more incidence in IVF, increase obstetric problems

Unquestionable risks of twin pregnancies It is recognised that multiple pregnancies increase the risk of obstetric and perinatal problems. In order to assess this risk, two groups of women undergoing in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) were compared: one in which a single embryo was...

Ovarian stimulation for ovulation or IVF treatment. Does it increase the risk of gynaecological cancers?

The ovarian stimulation used in in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a medical issue with extensive bioethical repercussions,  since it may increase the risk of gynaecological cancers. Now, however, a large study that included 178,396 women has confirmed that the ovarian stimulation...

Human embryo and its mother. Their dialogue extends to the genomic area

A key issue in the Masters in Bioethics taught at our Catholic University is the “biological status of the human embryo”, because demonstrating that the early human embryo (from the blastocyst phase) is a biological being of our species and not a uniform cluster of...

The Orthodox Church opinion on embryo experimentation

What are the views of the Christian Orthodox church on experiments with human embryos? In the opinion of Mark Hodges, of St. Stephen’s Church in Lima, Ohio (Orthodox Research Institute; www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org), the opinion is clear: they defend the life of the unborn,...

Low fertility rate in Spain

Last fertility rate: the number of children per woman of reproductive age in Spain has fallen from 3.01 in 1964 to 1.32 in 2012. These rates per year were:  3.01 in 1964; 2.84 in 1970; 2.89 in 1974; 2.20 in 1980; 1.36 in 1990; 1.23 in 2000; 1.39 in 2007; 1.46 in 2008; 1.39 in...

Dignity of the human embryo from fecundation is recognised by the European Court of Human Rights

On 27 August, 2015, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued its judgement in the case of Parrillo vs. Italy (Application no. 46470/11), rejecting by 16 to 1 the applicants desire to donate human embryos to be used in biomedical research, an act...