The UK HIV infection figures remain high despite recent falling in mortality rates

The incidence of HIV infection fell between 1990 and 2013. In 1990, around two million people were infected; in 1997, 2.8 million; and in 2013, 1.8 million. Mortality rates have also fallen: around 300,000 people in 1990; 1.7 million in 2005 and 1.3 million in 2013 (JAMA 314;...

Assisted reproduction: Do pregnancies achieved following assisted reproduction techniques have more risks?

One medical and ethical aspect of assisted reproduction that should be considered is to what extent singleton pregnancies achieved following these procedures have (or ave not) more risks than those conceived naturally. In an extensive meta-analysis that included 161,370 births...

More boys than girls are apparently born after IVF

 A recent study in Fertility and Sterility (Fertil Steril, 101; 1321-1325, 2014) that included 106,666 children born through in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) between 2000 and 2010 in the United Kingdom found a tendency for more boys to be...

Human life biological beginning

Fertilisation is the dynamic and temporal process by which an individual is formed from materials supplied by its parents. Fertilisation is a process with epigenetic temporal dynamics: the genetic information inherited is fed back by the process itself (by an interaction of the...

Uterus transplant. Medical and ethical reflection

We must reflect on the uterus transplantation ethical problems that may accompany it, in relation to both the donor as well as the recipient and the child The results of the first clinical trial on living donor uterus transplantation have been published, which included nine...

Teenage pregnancy from 10 to 14 year olds in USA

Teenage pregnancy rates remain high in the United States, with 3108 pregnancies among adolescents aged between 10 and 14 years in 2013. Extensive studies show that pregnancies in teenagers have more risks that those in women aged 20 to 29 years old, particularly in regard to...

Anti retroviral treatments. Advantages of starting them as soon as possible

Initiating anti retroviral treatments as soon as an individual has been identified as HIV-positive is better than doing so at a later stage. In this respect, the risk of developing AIDS was reduced by 53% in a group of people who commenced anti-retroviral treatment early on....

Underage marriage girls legalized in Iraq

Underage marriage is legalized by the first time. The government of Baghdad has presented a bill on the family in their parliament is among other things legalizing the marriage of girls of any age, and who can even divorce at 9-years-old to marry another spouse. From a religious...

Governments ban gay men blood donation with nuances

Restrictions in different countries European law The European Court of Justice ruled that EU governments may ban gay men from ever donating blood, but only under strict conditions. United States The ruling was closely watched by activists and by governments that have lifetime...

Mitochondrial surprises

The hereditary diseases that scientists are attempting to sidestep can remain According to the endosymbiotic hypothesis, around 1500 million years ago, the mitochrondrion was a bacterium or prokaryotic cell phagocytosed by another to which it provided energy in the form of ATP;...