European fertility rates and the age at which women were having children worsen

According to a Eurostat report, the European fertility rates in 2008 was 1.61 children per woman. Later, with the eruption of the economic crisis, the figure could only worsen, falling to 1.58 in 2012. The situation is not the same everywhere, however: France and Ireland exhibit...

Assisted suicide in patients with “treatment-resistant depression”

Some authors have proposed accepting assisted suicide in patients with treatment-resistant depression (Journal Medicine Ethics 41; 577-83,2015). However, their arguments are called into question by FG Miller (J Med Ethics 41; 885-886, 2015), who questions the professional...

Human cryopreservation. Technique and ethical and moral assessment

There may be an insurmountable difficulty in relation to the revival of the cryopreserved cadaver Cryopreservation consists of preserving human individuals or organs at very low temperatures (less than -130°) in order to preserve them. The low temperatures decrease the metabolism...

Queer theory : An anthropological revolution

Introduction The “bearded lady” has just won the 2014 Eurovision Song Contest. The person concerned is a fictional character called Conchita Wurst who is, to all appearances, female; in fact, the artist imitates a women in dress and aesthetics, but confuses us by keeping a beard....

Withdrawing life support in patients in permament vegetative state. Is it ethical?

One major ethical issue is to determine whether artificial nutrition and hydration should be withdrawn from patients in a permanent vegetative state (PVS) or minimally conscious state (MCS). In a study published in the Journal of Medical Ethics (41; 157-160, 2015), 51 families of...

Assisted suicide law in different countries

Assisted suicide, which essentially consists of a physician providing the means for a patient to end their own life, is legal in four American states, Canada and four European countries. In the United States, assisted suicide law is exclusively limited to patients with terminal...

Bone marrow stem cells for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Surprising results

A recent study published in the The Lancet has shown surprising results as regards the use of autologous bone marrow stem cells for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. The study included 24 patients, 1 of whom died, while the remaining 23 had an objective improvement, with 69.6%...

Sperm quality depends on age and it is an important risk factor when fatherhood is increasingly delayed

Recent data from molecular genetics and epidemiology provide evidence that paternal age (sperm quality) is an important risk factor for offspring. When the sperm quality of young men were compared with the sperm of older men, the latter were found to have a higher risk of...

The UK HIV infection figures remain high despite recent falling in mortality rates

The incidence of HIV infection fell between 1990 and 2013. In 1990, around two million people were infected; in 1997, 2.8 million; and in 2013, 1.8 million. Mortality rates have also fallen: around 300,000 people in 1990; 1.7 million in 2005 and 1.3 million in 2013 (JAMA 314;...

Assisted reproduction: Do pregnancies achieved following assisted reproduction techniques have more risks?

One medical and ethical aspect of assisted reproduction that should be considered is to what extent singleton pregnancies achieved following these procedures have (or ave not) more risks than those conceived naturally. In an extensive meta-analysis that included 161,370 births...