Queer theory : An anthropological revolution

Introduction The “bearded lady” has just won the 2014 Eurovision Song Contest. The person concerned is a fictional character called Conchita Wurst who is, to all appearances, female; in fact, the artist imitates a women in dress and aesthetics, but confuses us by keeping a beard....

Controversy over evolution. Natural selection an incomplete reading of evolutionary biology

Thomas Nagel calls into question the pertinence of materialist naturalism. The controversy has been echoed even in the mainstream media, such as The New York Times and The Weekly Standard. With the publication of his “Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception...

Capital punishment. Should have a doctor present?

Capital punishment ia a subject with major ethical undertones, widely debated in the United States, is to determine whether or not a physician or experienced medical personnel should be present at executions by lethal injection of persons condemned to capital punishment. This...

Organoids. Mini-kidneys produced with iPS cells

Regenerating or producing a kidney is very complex — if not impossible right now — since more than 20 different types of cells need to be produced. However, the production of organoids mini kidneys (mini-organs) could be a preliminary step towards generating functioning kidneys....

Withdrawing life support in patients in permament vegetative state. Is it ethical?

One major ethical issue is to determine whether artificial nutrition and hydration should be withdrawn from patients in a permanent vegetative state (PVS) or minimally conscious state (MCS). In a study published in the Journal of Medical Ethics (41; 157-160, 2015), 51 families of...

Regenerative medicine. A review of current findings from an ethical perspective

The field of action of regenerative medicine (RM) is growing daily. Indeed, we only have to look at the economic figures that it moves, with an estimated market value for 2020 of 61,000 million Euros. However, RM also has important ethical components, not only related with the...

Public funds authorised for production of human-animal chimeras

In September 2005, the dedication of public financial aid by the National Health Institutes for experiments on transferring human stem cells to animal embryos to produce chimeras was banned. However, on 4 August this year, this ban was lifted for certain experiments, and it was...

Rules for regulating genome editing – particularly gene drive

The dynamic field of research into gene editing provides an opportunity to rewrite the rules of science, says Kevin Esvelt. The emergence of gene-drive systems — which spread engineered mutations quickly through populations — means that a single released organism could eventually...

CRISPR veterinary (genome editing) to attempt to halt a serious porcine disease

CRISPR veterinary applied to prevent the spread of a serious swine disease.  One of the worst nightmares for any pig farmer is to have a herd infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). Having emerged in the 1980s, the syndrome now affects these...

Cloned animals. Confirmation that cloned sheep can live a long healthy life

After the cloning of Dolly the sheep (the first cloned sheep) 20 years ago this July, the possibility of using this technique to obtain animals that could be exploited for ethically sound purposes has been suggested. However, one problem that has arisen is that Dolly, it seems,...