Gender identity disorders. Current scientific evidence

Introduction Management of so-called “gender incongruence, cross-gender behaviour, non-normative gender behaviour, gender dysphoria or transgender or transsexual behaviours”, hereinafter encompassed within the term “Desire for Sex Change” (DSC) is a...

Human infertility. Microsurgery for the treatment of tubal obstruction. Ethical and medical aspects

‘Reconstructive microsurgery could be important in the treatment of infertility’ One topic discussed in relation to the treatment of human infertility is the efficacy of tubal microsurgery for the treatment of Fallopian tube obstruction and its efficacy compared to in...

Ethical debates sparked by recent biomedical breakthroughs

 The urgent need to incorporate ethics into biomedical research Many of the problems presented by science during the course of its normal development raise bioethical concerns that must be considered. In this respect, the John J. Reilly Center for Science, Technology and Values...

Gene editing today. All we have to know about it and our bioethical assessment

Few scientific breakthroughs have been as important as the discovery of the CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) technique as a gene editing tool. CRISPR/Cas9 is a natural system that provides bacteria with an adaptive response against viruses...

Human cryopreservation. Technique and ethical and moral assessment

There may be an insurmountable difficulty in relation to the revival of the cryopreserved cadaver Cryopreservation consists of preserving human individuals or organs at very low temperatures (less than -130°) in order to preserve them. The low temperatures decrease the metabolism...

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Does it improve the effectiveness of IVF?

PGD reduces the live birth rates when used with IVF. It entails undeniable manipulation of embryos, which if avoided is ethically favourable. There is no doubt that a medical and ethical objective is to improve the effectiveness of in vitro fertilisation (IVF), i.e. improve...

Queer theory : An anthropological revolution

Introduction The “bearded lady” has just won the 2014 Eurovision Song Contest. The person concerned is a fictional character called Conchita Wurst who is, to all appearances, female; in fact, the artist imitates a women in dress and aesthetics, but confuses us by keeping a beard....

Ethical reflection on the latest biomedical experiments by Juan Carlos Izpisua and his group

Over the last few days, some of the biomedical experiments conducted by Juan Carlos Izpisua and his group — in which researchers from several Spanish universities take part — have been widely reported by various media. Let us say at the outset that we see no need to highlight the...

Withdrawing life support in patients in permament vegetative state. Is it ethical?

One major ethical issue is to determine whether artificial nutrition and hydration should be withdrawn from patients in a permanent vegetative state (PVS) or minimally conscious state (MCS). In a study published in the Journal of Medical Ethics (41; 157-160, 2015), 51 families of...

Causes of transsexualism. Is there a transsexuality gene?

Definition of transsexuality According to the most recent psychiatric medical criteria, transsexuality can be defined as a disorder of sexual identity causing gender dysphoria, understanding as such the possible psychological imbalance that may arise when there is antagonism...