Penis transplantation. Ethical aspects that should not be ignored

The reasons for which penis transplantation may be required are varied and include work accidents, tumors and severe congenital abnormalities of the penis. It may also be required due to complications following circumcision, which occurs particularly in countries in which this...

CRISPR-Cas9 brings the possibility of performing pig-to-human xenotransplantation closer

Use chimeric animals as organ incubators, a hopeful means to resolve increasing organ shortage The shortage of human organs and tissues for transplantation represents one of the most critical unmet medical needs today. To address this problem, xenotransplantation, i.e. the use of...

UK Government announced “Everybody will be organ donor by law” which is provoking a large debate

“I would opt out because organ donation should be a present and not for the state to assume that they can take my organs without asking” Could measures who aims resolve the shortage of organs for transplant (see HERE) affect the end of life patients dignit...

3D artificial ovary constructed with excellent results. New hope for women infertility

A team of researchers from the McCormick School of Engineering at Northwestern University in the United States has reported that it has managed to construct the structure of an artificial ovary 3D  (see HERE) a hydrogel that, once transplanted in an animal, can interact with its...

Organ donation from euthanized patients. The practice is controversial and currently only allowed in Belgium an Netherlands

In 2015, 2023 patients were euthanized only in Belgium.  Organ donation from euthanized patients These patients could, in theory, be organ donors; however, 926 (45.8%) were excluded because they were over 75 years old. A total of 684 organs were eventually useful for donation in...

Human tissues and organs produced using 3D techniques

In recent years, many efforts have been made by scientists and biomedical engineers to develop ex-vivo models of human tissues and organs using 3D printing techniques (see our report HERE) for various purposes. In particular, the potential organoids using 3D techniques can be...

Organ donation for transplantation in children with cardiac arrest and dying person dignity

Premortem interventions before donation in circulatory arrest in children could have objective ethical problems  (See our special reports about criterion of death and organs transplantation HERE) Up until a few years ago, performing medical interventions in end-of-life situations...

First case of deceased donor uterine transplantation. It is a relevant medical and social issue

Being able to resolve the reproductive problems suffered by women who have no uterus – whether due to an organic cause or functional abnormality of the uterus – is unquestionably a major medical and social issue. The two possible solutions to this problem are uterus...

Legal status of human-animal chimeras – hybrid embryos

In addition to the biomedical and bioethical problems raised by human-animal hybridization, there are also objective legal problems. A recent article in the Journal of Medical Ethics (2014; 40, 284-285) reviewed this topic following a debate in the United Kingdom (UK) House of...

Brain death: experts divided on how death is defined

Some authors, as Bernat reports in his article, have come to classify brain death unscientifically, illogically, even treating it as a legal fiction In the November 2014 issue of the American Journal of Bioethics, see HERE (1), Professor James L. Bernat reflects on where the...