Suicide has been recognized as a major public health problem by the World Health Organization (WHO). In a specific document on this issue published in 2013 (see HERE ), it proposed a plan to reduce suicides by 10% between 2012 and 2020. 10% In January 2018, 28 of the 194 countries of the WHO said that they had a national plan for suicide prevention.
In 2016, there were 817,000 deaths from suicide worldwide, accounting for 1.49% of all deaths that year. The number of deaths from suicide increased by 6.7% between 1990 and 2016, but if calculated by number of inhabitants, it dropped by 32%, as it fell from 16.6 deaths per 100,000 population in 1990 to 11.2 deaths per 100,000 population in 2016.
Suicide is included among the ten leading causes of death in 21 countries, but has been the main cause of years of life lost in various developed countries in western Asia.
Europe has the higest figures!
This article provides detailed data on suicide in numerous countries. While we cannot list all the statistics here due to its length, we can report some specific figures. For example, the number of deaths from suicide between 1990 and 2010 was 138,000 in East Asia, 19,000 in central Europe, 68,000 in Eastern Europe, and 53,000 in Western Europe.
With respect to different countries, the highest figures are found in Lesotho, with 39.0 deaths per 100,000 population, Lithuania 31.6, Russia 30.6 and Zimbabwe 27.8; the lowest rates occurred in the Lebanon, with 2.4 suicides per 100,000 population, Syria 2.5, Palestine 2.7, Kuwait 2.7 and Jamaica 2.9.
Global burden of disease across all regions
Globally, the number of suicides was higher in men than in women: 15.6 deaths per 100,000 population in men compared to 7.0 in women (see HERE UK actions).
The authors conclude that “[a]lthough there has been progress on reducing suicide mortality in recent decades, suicide remains an important preventable contributor to the global burden of disease across all regions”.