Suicide is not always a symptom of mental illness. “A new paradigm shift is needed”.
According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is one of the leading public health problems. The CDC found that suicides rose by 30% between 1999 and 2016. They also say that, in 2016, 54% of people who died by suicide had no mental health condition, although most reports on suicide say that 90% of people who die by suicide have some type of psychiatric problem.
The centrality of the mental pain in suicidal individuals.
The risk of suicide is often considered as a symptom of an underlying disease, although undoubtedly the causes that contribute to the risk of suicide are very varied and mental illness is not the main cause as the report showed. In this sense, The Lancet recently published a large study concluding that “Suicide risk is typically assessed with checklists, psychometric instruments (eg, Beck hopelessness scale, suicide intent scale, suicidal ideation questionnaire, reasons for living inventory), and clinical interviews. Such an approach, although important, does not necessarily promote empathic understanding of patients’ negative and painful emotions. Getting in touch with how clinicians respond emotionally to the assessment of suicide risk in their patients could help overcome barriers. Despite innovative approaches in both psychiatric treatments and suicide prevention, some important shortcomings seem to have a role in impairing effective progress in reducing deaths by suicide. A paradigm shift is needed that should focus the assessment of suicide risk on the centrality of the mental pain in suicidal individuals.” (see more HERE).