A report published in Study.com titled “Ethical Considerations of Surrogate Pregnancy” (see HERE) begins with this suggestive phrase, “It sounds like a good option right? Especially for those who cannot get pregnant or cannot physically carry a baby. But there are many medical, legal and ethical issues to consider.”, see our site content on this matter.
A controversial issue is the new figure of a surrogate mother and if she could be considered as a biological mother of the child. In this sense DNA WORLDWIDE affirms (see HERE), “It is important to remember a child gets all of its DNA from its mother and father, at most a few cells with the surrogates DNA will be mixed in with the trillions of cells filled with DNA from its biological mother and father.”
“The way in which the surrogates DNA is able to enter the child is through the placenta. It is more common for a child’s DNA to pass into the woman than the surrogates DNA to pass into the child.”
“The Placenta is like a gatekeeper, where it will only allow certain things to pass in and out. The placenta separates the child’s development from the mother. However, the placenta isn’t always effective at screening everything out. This is when DNA can be passed from the child to the mother and vice versa.” but more studies are needed to better understand it.
In addition to the exploitation of the surrogate, other controversial problems may arise.
Surrogate mother position
Study.com report also approaches the issue from the surrogate mother point the view and says, “Imagine hearing the heartbeat of an unborn child for the first time, seeing him/her on the ultrasound, the excitement, the anticipation. Only it’s not your hands holding the new baby to your chest, it’s not your eyes they look into for the first time, it’s not your smile they see. Those heartbeats you heard, the kicks you felt, the ultrasounds you saw. . . they weren’t for your baby. Well, not your biological baby. You see, you are a surrogate mother. Someone who carries the baby of another because they cannot. The baby you carry is not biologically yours.”
Some ethical problems
The study ended with ethical considerations and the following questions, “Surrogacy comes with a host of ethical considerations. In addition to the exploitation of the surrogate, other controversial problems may arise.
- What if the surrogate mother becomes attached to the baby and doesn’t want to give it up?
- Should she be allowed contact with the baby as it grows up? Or
- what if the child is unwanted, as in the case of Baby Gammy, a Down’s Syndrome child left behind in Thailand by her Australian parents?
- What about the baby? Similar to an adopted child, questions about their birth may arise.
- Do you tell them about their surrogate mother or not?
- Do you allow them to contact their surrogate mother? These are questions the parents will have to consider.