The disease cannot be cured, as the HIV remains inactive in the patients’ body
It is known that AIDS can be treated with new antiretroviral drugs, converting it from a fatal disease to a chronic one. However, the disease is not completely cured, although it is not known for certain why. In relation to this, on 12 January 2014, a group of American researchers published their findings (Nature Medicine, DOI: 10.1038/nm.3445) showing that the virus can hide in cells of the immune system, CD4+T cells, which can be used as reservoirs to keep these cells functioning for a long time, but dormant. Hence the disease cannot be completely cured, as the HIV remains in the patients’ body, although inactive.